Your browser is not supported for the Live Clock Timer, please visit the Support Center for support.

Tobacco kills; news study reveals alarming number of patients in North Kerala

​High tobacco use behind worrisome​ ​incidence of lung cancers in North Kerala districts
 
Kozhikode, Jan 24 – Tobacco use once again is proven as the villain, and a cause behind the high incidence of lung cancers in north Kerala districts of Kozhikode, Kannur and Kasargod, notes a recent study brought out by the Malabar Cancer Centre (MCC), a tertiary cancer centre in Kannur.
 
As much as 36 per cent of overall patients across these districts had the habit of smoking. Patients from Kasargod were the most prone to smoking at 40 per cent; followed by Kannur at 34 per cent and Kozhikode at 33 per cent. The extent of smoking among Kerala adults, as per latest benchmark figures of Global Adult Tobacco Survey of Union Health Ministry, is 13.4 per cent.
 
Lung and breast cancer rank high among the various cancers across the three study districts. The distribution of lung and breast cancers in Kannur is
15 per cent. Lung cancers contribute to 11 percent and breast cancers are at 13 per cent in Kozhikode. In Kasargod, lung and breast cancers are 13 and 15 per cents respectively.
 
The retrospective study ‘Geographical Distribution of Cancer in Northern Kerala, India: A Retrospective Analysis’ was conducted based on data of the hospital based cancer registry (HBCR) for the year 2011 in MCC and published in the Indian Journal of Applied Research. A total of 2,366 cancer patients – 1,259 males and 1,107 females – had registered at the MCC in 2011 from the districts of Kozhikode (457), Kannur (1670) and Kasargod (239). A semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect the information from patient’s medical records to understand the demographic factors, personal habits, and tumour staging.
 
The study also refers to harms of second-hand smoke or passive smoke as it found that 10 per cent of female registered patients were passive smokers. Citing scientific literature, it adds that second-hand smoke is linked to lung cancer and also lymphoma, leukaemia, brain tumours in children, cancers of breast, stomach and the brain, among others.
mcc
 
Dr Satheesan B, Director, Malabar Cancer Centre and the study’s principal investigator and co-author said, “The study findings yet again brings out the role of tobacco in cancers and underlines that tobacco control is the best way to prevent cancers. Things can no longer be left to chance as the combined burden that tobacco use causes on morbidity and mortality at micro and macro levels is enormous. Regular monitoring and consolidation of tobacco control measures taken at the district level should happen through monthly reviews of enforcement and awareness activities.”
 
The high availability and consumption of tobacco both in smoking and chewing forms in north Kerala may also be attributed as a reason for high rate of tobacco related cancers in the area. “Provision of health-friendly alternative livelihoods to beedi workers which has been adopted by leading groups in the field is expected to change the scenario. But increasing the beedi prices to dissuade users would be welcome,” Dr Satheesan added.
 
Pan chewing among patients from Kannur, Kasargod and Kozhikode stands at 14, 19 and 16 per cents respectively. The International Agency for Cancer Research (IARC) of the World Health Organisation, after scientific evaluations, has pronounced that chewing betel quid with and without tobacco is carcinogenic to humans.
 
Dr Saina Sunilkumar, Lecturer, Department of Cancer Registry and Epidemiology; Shri Ratheesan.K and Shri Subhradev Sen, Lecturers in Biostatistics collaborated for the study

More News from Cnm stories, slider

Ashvin Kumar’s ‘No Fathers in Kashmir’ screened at IFFK 2019

Shashi Tharoor MP  attends the screening CNM Reporter   Oscar nominated and National Film Award winning film maker Ashvin Kumar’s ‘No Fathers in Kashmir’ was screened as part of the 24th International Film Festival of Kerala (IFFK) today (Saturday) at the Kairali theatre. Dr. Shashi Tharoor MP attended the screening at Kairali theatre.   The film will […]

Mathivarathe…a trend setter love song

Music Review When a compelling composition is blended with a fine romantic visual, the song Mathivarathe… in the movie, Stand-Up , explores the charm of love .What makes it different is its soothing tune and engaging gesture.The romantic song in the upcoming movie,directed by Vidhu Vincent is getting huge fanfare on Youtube.The song has crossed 529,034  views,in ten days.The […]

Mammootty appears as saviour in real life

Mammootty appeared in many roles as saviours in reel life.But,the mega star’s action as real life saviour of ailing Chala Mary has become a blessing to her,writes M.K.Pramod Molly Kannamaly or popularly known as Chala Mary, who has donned many comic characters in films and TV serials, has now got a saviour in the form […]

Recent News

Education

Prime Minister inaugurates International Conclave on ‘Globalising Indian Thought’ at IIM Kozhikode

Compassion, harmony, justice, service and openness are core values of India says PM Modi during his inauguration through video conferencing. Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the International Conclave on ‘Globalising Indian Thought’ followed by the unveiling of the statue of Swami Vivekananda at the Indian Institute of Management, Kozhikode (IIM Kozhikode). Addressing the gathering the Prime Minister said, “Indian […]

IIM Kozhikode to host International Conclave on ‘Globalising Indian Thought’ during January 16-18, 2020

   Indian Institute of Management Kozhikode (IIM Kozhikode) is hosting an International Conclave on ‘Globalising Indian Thought’ from January 16-18, 2020. The three-day Academic conclave to be inaugurated by   Prime Minister, Narendra Modi through video conferencing, will witness representations from renowned academicians, public figures and the presentation of more than 100 world-class research papers. IIM Kozhikode […]

January 14, 2020

NSS volunteers build a park at Karayad East ALP School

Karayad East ALP students roll back to rock up after their holidays thanks to NSS volunteers of  KPMSM Higher Secondary School,Arikkulam Karayad East ALP School students got a well-equipped park and modified riding ground thanks to the voluntary service of National Service Scheme. As students rolled back after their Christmas vacation,they have got Christmas-New Year gift […]

January 12, 2020

More News