Your browser is not supported for the Live Clock Timer, please visit the Support Center for support.

Tobacco kills; news study reveals alarming number of patients in North Kerala

​High tobacco use behind worrisome​ ​incidence of lung cancers in North Kerala districts
 
Kozhikode, Jan 24 – Tobacco use once again is proven as the villain, and a cause behind the high incidence of lung cancers in north Kerala districts of Kozhikode, Kannur and Kasargod, notes a recent study brought out by the Malabar Cancer Centre (MCC), a tertiary cancer centre in Kannur.
 
As much as 36 per cent of overall patients across these districts had the habit of smoking. Patients from Kasargod were the most prone to smoking at 40 per cent; followed by Kannur at 34 per cent and Kozhikode at 33 per cent. The extent of smoking among Kerala adults, as per latest benchmark figures of Global Adult Tobacco Survey of Union Health Ministry, is 13.4 per cent.
 
Lung and breast cancer rank high among the various cancers across the three study districts. The distribution of lung and breast cancers in Kannur is
15 per cent. Lung cancers contribute to 11 percent and breast cancers are at 13 per cent in Kozhikode. In Kasargod, lung and breast cancers are 13 and 15 per cents respectively.
 
The retrospective study ‘Geographical Distribution of Cancer in Northern Kerala, India: A Retrospective Analysis’ was conducted based on data of the hospital based cancer registry (HBCR) for the year 2011 in MCC and published in the Indian Journal of Applied Research. A total of 2,366 cancer patients – 1,259 males and 1,107 females – had registered at the MCC in 2011 from the districts of Kozhikode (457), Kannur (1670) and Kasargod (239). A semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect the information from patient’s medical records to understand the demographic factors, personal habits, and tumour staging.
 
The study also refers to harms of second-hand smoke or passive smoke as it found that 10 per cent of female registered patients were passive smokers. Citing scientific literature, it adds that second-hand smoke is linked to lung cancer and also lymphoma, leukaemia, brain tumours in children, cancers of breast, stomach and the brain, among others.
mcc
 
Dr Satheesan B, Director, Malabar Cancer Centre and the study’s principal investigator and co-author said, “The study findings yet again brings out the role of tobacco in cancers and underlines that tobacco control is the best way to prevent cancers. Things can no longer be left to chance as the combined burden that tobacco use causes on morbidity and mortality at micro and macro levels is enormous. Regular monitoring and consolidation of tobacco control measures taken at the district level should happen through monthly reviews of enforcement and awareness activities.”
 
The high availability and consumption of tobacco both in smoking and chewing forms in north Kerala may also be attributed as a reason for high rate of tobacco related cancers in the area. “Provision of health-friendly alternative livelihoods to beedi workers which has been adopted by leading groups in the field is expected to change the scenario. But increasing the beedi prices to dissuade users would be welcome,” Dr Satheesan added.
 
Pan chewing among patients from Kannur, Kasargod and Kozhikode stands at 14, 19 and 16 per cents respectively. The International Agency for Cancer Research (IARC) of the World Health Organisation, after scientific evaluations, has pronounced that chewing betel quid with and without tobacco is carcinogenic to humans.
 
Dr Saina Sunilkumar, Lecturer, Department of Cancer Registry and Epidemiology; Shri Ratheesan.K and Shri Subhradev Sen, Lecturers in Biostatistics collaborated for the study

More News from Cnm stories, slider

“Onnam Sakshi to create a history in Malayalam movie world.”-Vinod Manassery.

Neha Krishna appears in heroine’s role in the much-awaited family entertainer Onnam Sakshi,directed by Vinod Manassery. A real-life story,penned by late Gopi Manassery will reach major theatres in Kerala on May 24. New face Praveen is the hero of the movie. Misfar appears in semi-hero role. Anjana Shibu,and Abhijas are the promising child artists in […]

Onnam Sakshi,lyrics with a nostalgic beat

Title song of Onnam Sakshi is nostalgic in  variety form.The visuals stand apart thanks to  cinematography . Song scenes are mostly  panoramic,enriched with engaging rural landscape. It got wide attention on social media. Young and old alike received the semi -classic  type song with great enthusiasm. Sivadas Warrier directs the music for Onnamsakshi. Mullappally Narayanam Namboothiri’s […]

Onnamsakshi;Movie campaign with a difference

Onnam Sakshi is a family suspense thriller,by debutant movie-maker ,Vinod Manassery. The team behind the movie is working hard to make it something innovative in presentation. Usually,film releases do not go beyond usual cyber campaign and poster war. But,in the case of this movie,a roadshow also has been organized to share the message of the […]

Recent News

Education

Calicut declares Degree Six sem result in record speed;82% pass

May 16, 2019

Calicut University has declared its Final Degree results . It is a break through result declaration in the recent history of the university. Final semester BA/B.S.W/BVC/BTTM/BTFP/BA AFSAL ULAMA/(CUCBCSS) results are now available in Calicut University website. Total,11774 students appeared for final BA exam.Out of this,9645 students have passed. In Afsal Ulama ,total 3630 students attended […]

Syllabus updation; need of the hour says Calicut PVC

Calicut University to revise all UG PG curriculum in 2019-20 academic year. Syllabus updation is need of the hour,said Calicut University Pro Vice Chancellor Dr.P.Mohanan. “Degrees  of Calicut University should be attracted to students and job providers, nationally.”_he added. He was inaugurating a workshop in the Department of Physics at Calicut University to discuss revision […]

May 11, 2019

Final BA result before May 15;determined staff on war-foot

Calicut University will publish it’s BA final result before May 15,earlier than the schedule,it is learnt.   Joint Controller of Examinations M.K.Pramod has issued a circular to employees to report in the office to meet the task of finishing the tabulation duty. As per the circular,  all employees should report in the section on Saturdays,Sundays […]

May 9, 2019

More News